Composer, songwriter, co-founder and lead guitarist for Senegal’s legendary Orchestra Baobab, Barthelemy Attisso passed away on Aug. 29, at the age 76, at his home in Togo.
moved to Dakar in 1966 as a student. He was, as he puts it, “forced,”
to be a musician, because he needed to work at night and leave his
days free for studying. With a book, a guitar and a methodical
approach, after a few months, he tried rotating into various
nightclub bands as
When the owner of the Miami Club needed a soloist, Attisso took a
there met members of the famous Star Band.
Senghor came looking to poach members of the Star Band to form the
house orchestra at the new Club Baobab across town, he took Attisso.
with percussionist Balla Sidibé and
and with saxophonist
singer Laye Mboup, they became the Orchestra Baobab.
With Baobab, Attisso wrote songs heavily influenced by Cuban son and charanga, but which also reflected the band’s home in Senegal, with drumming and harmonies from southern Senegal, and Wolof singing from the north, and influences that band members brought from across West Africa and the Sahel. The band dabbled in salsa, tango, and rumba.
guitar playing is a standout through it all, from
fuzzed psychedelic wah-wah pedal adventures of the band’s early
days to its later tender ballads.
Influenced by Congolese giants like Franco and Tabu Ley Rochereau,
jazz guitarists like Wes Montgomery and Django Reinhardt, and other
musicians like saxophonist Manu Dibango and organist Jimmy Smith,
Attisso embodied the band’s “specialist in all styles”
has made a synthesis of all the music he has played on the guitar,
from all over the world, from all the guitarists who have played from
the 1930s right up to the year 2002,” fellow
Baobab guitarist Latfi Ben Jaloum told us in a 2002 interview. “He
has worked on the styles of nearly all the guitarists who have
emerged during that time, whether its Charlie Christian, Django
or whoever. Many guitarists have influenced Atisso, so
he gives this touch of jazz that is often commented on...He
gives Baobab something that is fundamentally different from mbalax
When the band went on hiatus in the late ‘80s, Attisso returned to Togo and finally practiced law as he had planned. When the band came back in 2002, Attisso dutifully dusted off the old guitar and found he needed to relearn how to play, a story he relayed in our 2020 program “The Story of Baobab.”
Attisso retired back to Togo before the band recorded 2017’s Tribute to Ndiouga Dieng.